Indonesia is one of our planet’s “megadiverse” countries, comprising an astonishing array of flora, fauna, and undomesticated beauty. The archipelago nation is home to 12 percent of the world’s mammals, 16 percent of its reptiles, and ecosystems ranging from mangroves to coral reefs to tropical rainforests. Orangutans, tigers, and elephants roam the wild spaces. But the country’s two largest exports—coal and palm oil—take a heavy environmental toll. Widespread deforestation and carbon emissions cause flooding, drought, wildfires, and climbing temperatures. As is the case with most climate shifts, those who rely on the land for survival are the first to be impacted.
But rather than resort to hand-wringing or numbing apathy, some of Indonesia’s foremost conservationists are hopeful.
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