Mark Jacobs, Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life


View a PDF version of this bibliography

View an annotated PDF version of this bibliography.


Adler, Esther. “Trees in the Bible.” Pamphlet. New York: Jewish National Fund, Dept. of Education, 1990.

Allen, E. L. “The Hebrew View of Nature.” The Journal of Jewish Studies 2, no. 1 (1951): 100–104.


Alon, Azaria. The Nature and History of the Land of the Bible. Jerusalem: Steimatsky Agency and the Jerusalem Publishing House, 1978. 


Alpert, Rebecca T., and Arthur Waskow. “Toward an Ethical Kashrut” Reconstructionist 52, no. 5 (1987): 9–13. 


Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981. 


Anderson, Bernard W. ‘Human Dominion Over Nature.” In Biblical Studies in Contemporary Thought: The Tenth Anniversary Commemorative Volume of the Trinity College Biblical Institute, 1966–1975, ed. Miriam Ward, 27–45. Burlington, Vt.: The Institute, 1975. 


Anglemyer, Mary, and Eleanor R. Seagraves. The Natural Environment: An Annotated Bibliography on Attitudes and Values. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1984. 

________. A Search for Environmental Ethics: An Initial Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1980. 


Aronson, Robin. “Animal Life in Light of Jewish and Christian Traditions.” The Melton Journal no. 24 (spring 1991): 8. 


Artson, Bradley S. Renewing the Process of Creation: A Jewish Integration of Science and Spirit. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing, 2016.


________. “Each After Their Own Kind: A Jewish Celebration of Biodiversity.” Tikkun 12, no. 5 (September-October 1997): 43–45. 


________. It’s a Mitzvah! Step-by-Step to Jewish Living. West Orange, N.J.: Behrman House; New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 1995. 


________. “Our Covenant with Stones: A Jewish Ecology of Earth.” Conservative Judaism 44, no. 1 (1991): 25–35. 


Attar, Alain. “Environmental Issues in Judaism.” The Jewish Educator 2.3(Summer 1999): 12-16. 


Bak, Benjamin. “The Sabbatical Year in Modern Israel.” Tradition 1, no. 2 (1959): 193–99. 


“Bal Tashchit” Encyclopedia Talmudica III, 335–37. Jerusalem: Talmudic Encyclopedia Institute, 1978. 


Belkin, Samuel. “Man as Temporary Tenant” In Judaism and Human Rights, ed. Milton R. Konvitz, 251–58. New York: Norton, 1972. 

Bemporad, Jack, et al. Focus on Judaism, Science, and Technology. New York: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1970. 


Benstein, Jeremy. The Way Into Judaism and the Environment. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights, 2006. 


Bentley, Philip. “Rabbinic Sources on Environmental Issues.” Justice and Peace Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. 


_______. “Rabbinic Response.” Central Conference of American Rabbis (CCAR) Annual Report, 93–97. 


Berkovits, Eliezer. Not in Heaven: The Nature and Function of Halakha. New York: Ktav, 1983. 


Berman, Louis A. Vegetarianism and the Jewish Tradition. New York: Ktav, 1982. 


Berman, Phyllis Ocean, and Arthur Ocean Waskow. Tales of Tikkun: New Jewish Stories to Heal the Wounded World. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson Inc., 1996. 


Berman, Saul J. “Torah and Environmental Ethics.” L’eylah Magazine, no. 34 (September 1992): 2–4. 


Bernstein, Ellen. The Splendor of Creation: A Biblical Ecology. Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim, 2005. 


________. ed. Ecology and the Jewish Spirit: Where Nature and the Sacred Meet. Woodstock, Vt.: Jewish Lights Publishing, 1998. 


________. “A Jewish Response to Earth Day.” Emanuel Spack Memorial Lecture, Kansas City, 3 April 1990. 


________. “A Meditation for Simhat Torah.” Genesis 2, 20, no. 2 (autumn 1989): 36–39. 


________. The Trees’ Birthday: A Celebration of Nature: A Tu B’Shvat Haggadah. Philadelphia, Pa.: Turtle River Press, 1987. 


Bernstein, Ellen, and Dan Fink. “Blessings and Praise.” In This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment, ed. Roger S. Gottlieb, 451–58. New York: Routledge, 1996. 


________. “Bal Tashchit.” In This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment, ed. Roger S. Gottlieb, 459–68. New York: Routledge, 1996. 


________. Let The Earth Teach You Torah. Philadelphia, Pa.: Shomrei Adamah, 1992. 

Bernstein, Jeremy. “One, Walking and Studying: Nature vs. Torah.” Judaism 44, no. 2 (spring 1995): 146–68. 


Beversluis, Joel D., Project ed. A Source Book for Earth’s Community of Religions. Rev. ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: CoNexus Press, 1995; New York: Global Education Associates, 1995.


Biers-Ariel, Matt, Deborah Newbrun, and Michael Fox Smart, eds. Spirit in Nature: Teaching Judaism and Ecology on the Trail. Springfield, NJ: Behrman House, 2000. 


Bleich, J. David. “Vegetarianism and Judaism.” In Contemporary Halakhic Problems, vol. 3, 237–50. New York: Ktav, 1989. [Also appears in Tradition 23, no. 1 (1987): 82–90.] 


________. “Judaism and Animal Experimentation.” Tradition 22, no. 1 (1986): 1–36. [Also in Animal Sacrifices: Religious Perspectives on the Use of Animals in Science, ed. Tom Regan, 61–114. Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press, 1986.] 


________. “Population Control.” In Judaism and Healing: Halakhic Perspectives, 51–54. New York: Ktav, 1981. 


Blidstein, Gerald J. “Man and Nature in the Sabbatical Year.” Tradition 8, no. 4 (1972): 48–55.


________. “Nature in Psalms.” Judaism 13 (winter 1964): 29–36. 


Bloch, Abraham P. “Respect for Nature.” In A Book of Jewish Ethical Concepts: Biblical and Postbiblical, 267–70. New York: Ktav, 1984. 


B‘nai B‘rith Youth Organization. “Project E. A. R. T. H.” (“Everyone has A Responsibility To Our Home”). B‘nai B‘rith Youth Organization. 


Bonder, Nilton. The Kabbalah of Money: Insights on Livelihood, Business, and All Forms of Economic Behavior. Boston: Shambhala Publications, Inc., 1996. 


Branover, Herman. “Towards Environmental Consciousness.” B’Or Ha’Torah 10 (1997): 11–15.


Brasch, R. The Unknown Sanctuary: The Story of Judaism, its Teachings, Philosophy, and Symbols. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1969. 


Bratton, Susan P. “The Natural Aryan and the Unnatural Jew: Environmental Racism in Weimar and Nazi Film.” Ph.D. diss., University of Texas, Dallas, 1997. 


Braude, William G. “A Midrash on the Growth of Population.” Tradition 13 (1972): 116–26. 


Brooks, David B. “Israel and the Environment: Signs of Progress.” Reconstructionist 55, no. 4 (1990): 17–19. 


Bulka, Reuven P. “A Blessing with an Ecological Mandate.” Ecumenism 134(1999): 4-7.


Bush, Lawrence. “Religious Metaphors and the Environment.” Jewish Currents 59(2005): 26-27.


________. “Jewish Values and Environmental Awareness: The Progressive Use of (Uh-Oh) Religious Metaphor.” Jewish Currents 59.5(2005): 20-22. 


________.  “Judaism and Our Ecological Crisis.” Genesis 2 vol. 19, no. 3 (1988): 5–6.


Bush, Lawrence, and Howard Cohen. “Environmental Activism and Jewish Spirituality.” Reconstruction Today 9.2(Winter 2001/2002): 11-17. 


Bush, Lawrence, and Jeffrey Dekro. Jews, Money, and Social Responsibility: Developing a “Torah of Money” for Contemporary Life. Philadelphia, Pa.: The Shefa Fund, 1993. 


Cantor, Geoffrey, and Mark S. Swetlitz, eds. The Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of

Darwinism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.


Carmell, Aryeh. “Judaism and the Quality of the Environment.” In Challenge: Torah Views on Science and its Problems, eds. Aryeh Carmell and Cyril Domb, 500–25. New York: Feldheim, 1976.   


CCAR Journal. “Symposium on Judaism and the Environment.” (Winter 2001): 3-71. 


Clark, Bill. “The Trees in the Forest: How Restoration and Conservation Reclaimed a Desolate Land.” Israel Science (February-March 1989): 9–14. 


Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life (COEJL). Caring for the Cycle of Life: Creating Environmentally Sound Life-Cycle Celebrations. New York: Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life, 1999. 


________. COEJL Guide to Speakers on Judaism and Ecology. New York: Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life, 1999. 


________. Operation Noah: Texts and Commentaries on Biological Diversity and Human Responsibility. New York: Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life, 1996. 


________. Operation Noah: A Jewish Program and Action Guide to Defending God’s Endangered Creatures and Habitats. New York: Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life, 1996. 


________. To Till and To Tend: A Guide to Jewish Environmental Study and Action. New York: Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life, 1994. 


Cohen, Abraham. Everyman’s Talmud. London: J. M. Dent and Sons, 1932. 


Cohen, Alfred S. “Vegetarianism from a Jewish Perspective.” In Halacha and Contemporary Society, ed. Alfred S. Cohen, 292–317. New York: Ktav, 1984. 


________. “Zero Population Growth and the Torah.” Jewish Life 39, no. 4 (October 1972): 2–7. 

Cohen, Jeremy. “On Classical Judaism and Environmental Crisis.” Tikkun 5, no. 2 (1990): 74–77. 


________. “Be Fertile and Increase, Fill the Earth and Master It”: The Ancient and Medieval Career of a Biblical Text. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1989. 


________. The Jew and the Modern Environment: A Case of Conflicting Values. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1970. 


Cohen, Micahel. “In the Land of Green Zionism.” Reconstructionism Today 10.2(2002-2003): 22. 


Cohen, Noah J. Tsa’ar Ba’ale Hayim: The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Its Bases, Development, and Legislation in Hebrew Literature. Jerusalem; New York: Feldheim Publishers, 1976. 

Comins, Rabbi Mike. A Wild Faith: Jewish Ways into Wilderness, Wilderness Ways into Judaism. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing, 2007.


Cone, Molly. Listen to the Trees: Jews and the Earth. New York: UAHC Press, 1995. Conservative Judaism 44, no. 1 (1991). 

Davis, Ellen F. Scripture, Culture and Agriculture: An Agrarian Reading of the Bible. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009.


De-Shalit, Vvner. “From the Political to the Objective: The Dialectics of Zionism and the Environment.” Environmental Politics 4, no. 1 (1995): 70–87. 


Diamond, Eliezer. “How Much is Too Much? Conventional Versus Personal Definitions of Pollution in Rabbinic Sources.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard Divinity School, February 22–24, 1998. 


Diamond, Irene. “Toward a Cosmology of Continual Creation: From Ecofeminism to Feminine Ecology and Umbilical Ties.” Cross Currents 54.2(2004): 7-16. 


Dobb, Fred. “The World as Sacred Space.” Reconstructionist 69.1(2004): 34-42.  


_________. “Branching Out: The Growth of Jewish Environmental Literature.” Reconstructionist 64.2(2000): 79-85. 


Dresner, Samuel. The Jewish Dietary Laws: Their Meaning for Our Time. New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 1982. 


Dresner, Samuel, and Byron L. Sherwin. “To Take Care of God‘s World: Judaism and Ecology.” In Judaism: The Way of Sanctification, 131–44. New York: United Synagogue of America, 1978. 


“Ecology in Judaism.” Encyclopedia Judaica—CD-ROM Edition. Shaker Heights, Ohio: Judaica Multimedia International, 1997. 


Edelman, Lily, ed. Jewish Heritage Reader B’nai B’rith Book. New York: Taplinger Publishing Co., Inc., 1965. 


Ehrenfeld, David, and Joan G. Ehrenfeld. “Some Thoughts on Nature and Judaism.” Environmental Ethics 7, no. 1 (spring 1985): 93–95. 


Ehrenfeld, David, and Philip J. Bentley. “Judaism and the Practice of Stewardship.” Judaism 34, no. 3 (1985): 301–11. 


Eisen, Arnold M. Galut: Modern Jewish Reflection on Homelessness and Homecoming. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1986. 


Eisenberg, Evan. The Ecology of Eden. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998. 


Elkington, John, and Julia Hailes. The Green Consumer Guide: From Shampoo to Champagne: High-Street Shopping for a Better Environment. London: Victor Gollancz, Ltd., 1988. 

Elkins, Dov Peretz. Simple Actions for Jews to Help Green the Planet: Jews, Judaism, and the Environment. Charleston, SC: Createspace, 2011.


Elon, Ari, Naomi Hyman, and Arthur Waskow, eds. Trees, Earth, and Torah: A Tu B’Shvat Anthology. Philadelphia, PA: Jewisch Publication Society, 1999. 


Eppstein, Lori. “The Redwoods and the Jews: A Story of Religion and the Environment.” Jewish Monthly 114.3(Jan/Feb 2000): 18-23. 


Epstein, I. The Jewish Way of Life. London: Edward Goldstone, 1946. 


“Eretz Yisroel: Settlement.” Encyclopedia Talmudica, vol. 3, 49–53. Jerusalem: Talmudic Encyclopedia Institute, 1978. 


Evenari, Michael, Leslie Shanan, and Naphtali Tadmor. The Negev: The Challenge of a Desert. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971. 


Farb, Peter, and Harry McNaught. The Land, Wildlife, and Peoples of the Bible. New York: Harper and Row, 1967. 


Feliks, Yehuda. Nature and Man in the Bible: Chapters in Biblical Ecology. New York: The Soncino Press, 1981. 


Fisher, Adam D. To Deal Thy Bread to the Hungry. New York: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1975. 


Fishkoff, Sue. Kosher Nation: Why More and More of America’s Food Answers to a Higher Authority. New York: Schocken, 2010.


Flores, Albert, and Denise Taber. “Annotated Bibliography on Professional Ethics of Scientists: New Ethical and Social Issues Posed by Recent Advances in Science and Technology (1970–1980).” Research in Philosophy and Technology 5 (1982): 310–16. 


Fox, Marvin, ed. Modern Jewish Ethics, Theory, and Practice. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1975. 


Freudenstein, Eric G. “Technology Assessment and the Jewish Tradition.” Conservative Judaism 27, no. 3 (1973): 44–52. 


________. “Ecology and the Jewish Tradition.” In Judaism and Human Rights, ed. Milton R. Konvitz. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1972. 


________. “Ecology and the Jewish Tradition.” Judaism 19, no. 4 (1970): 406–14. 

Freundel, Barry. “The Earth is the Lord‘s.” Jewish Action 50, no. 3 (summer 1990): 22–26. 


Friedman, Naomi, and De Fischler Herman, eds. The Green Shalom Guide: A How-to Manual for Greening Local Jewish Synagogues, Schools, and Offices. Washington Area Shomrei Adamah, 1995. 


Gaster, Theodor H. Festivals of the Jewish New Year: A Modern Interpretation and Guide. New York: William Loane Associates, 1953. 


Gelernter, David. “In Rats We Trust.” The Washington Post, 17 November 1996. 


Gendler, Everett. “Woodchucks in the Garden, Beavers in the Stream and Messiah Nowhere in Sight.” The Melton Journal no. 25 (spring 1992): 16–17. 


________. “Our Environment: Jewish Study and Action.” Compass 13, no. 1 (1990): 11. 


________. “The Earth‘s Covenant.” Reconstructionist 55, no. 2 (November-December 1989): 28–29, 31.


________. “On the Judaism of Nature.” In The New Jews, eds. James A. Sleeper and Alan L. Mintz, 233–43. New York: Random House, 1971. 


Gershfield, Edward M. “My Zaida, the Ecologist.” Sh’ma 23, no. 447 (5 February 1993): 49–50. 


Gerstenfeld, Manfred. “Jewish Environmental Studies: A New Field.” Jewish Political Studies Review 13(Spring 2001): 3-62. 


________. Judaism, Environmentalism, and the Environment: Mapping and Analysis. Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies and Rubin Mass, Ltd., 1998. 


________. “Neo-Paganism in the Public Square and Its Relevance to Judaism.” Jerusalem Letter/Viewpoints, no. 392 (15 October 1998). 


________. “A Jewish Perspective on Modern Environmentalism.” Jerusalem Letter/Viewpoints, no. 367 (1 October 1997). 


Gerstenfeld, Manfred, and Avraham Wyler. “The Ultra-Orthodox Community and Environmental Issues.” Jerusalem Letter/Viewpoints 415(October 1999): 1-7. 


Gewirtz, Leonard B. The Authentic Jew and His Judaism: An Analysis of the Basic Concepts of the Jewish Religion. New York: Bloch Publishing Co., 1961. 


Gilbert, Martin. Jewish History Atlas. London: Weindenfeld and Nicolson, 1969. 


Gillis, Michael. “Ecologism: A Jewish Critique.” L’eylah Magazine, no. 34 (September 1992): 6–8. 


Gillman, Niel. “Liturgical Transformation of Creation.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Harvard Divinity School, Center for the Study of World Religions, February 22–24, 1998. 


Gitlin, Lisa. “A Growing Passion: Jewish Women Discover Gardening.” Jewish Woman 5.2(Summer 2002): 16-21. 


Gluck, Shmuel. “Destruction of Fruit-Bearing Trees.” Journal of Halacha and Contemporary Society 38(Fall 1999): 86-99. 


Golan, Patricia. “Blue and White and Green: No Longer a Marginal Issue.” Israel Scene (January-February 1990): 5–9. 


Goldberg, Avraham Hillel. “Akirat Etz Pri.” No’am 13 (1972): 203–21. 


Goldfarb, Myra Yellin. “Of Birds and Barbed Wire.” Moment 13, no. 2 (1988): 30–35. 


Goldman, Morris. “Man‘s Place in Nature.” Tradition 10, no. 1 (1968): 100–15. 


Goodman, Lenn E. “Respect for Nature in the Jewish Tradition.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Harvard Divinity School, Center for the Study of World Religions, February 22–24, 1998.


Gordis, Robert. “Job and Ecology (and the Significance of Job 40:15).” Hebrew Annual Review 9 (1985): 189–202. 


________. “A Basis for Morals: Ethics in a Technological Age.” Judaism 25, no. 1 (1976): 20–43.


________. “Judaism and the Spoliation of Nature.” Congress Bi-Weekly 38, no. 5 (2 April 1971): 9–12. 


Gotfryd, Arych. “Global Ecology.” B’Or Ha’ Torah 10 (1997): 7–9. 


Gottlieb, Roger S., ed. This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment. New York: Routledge, 1996. 


Grams, Ileana. “The Holiness of Creation in Judaism.” Creation Spirituality 8, no. 3 (May-June 1992): 31–33. 


Green, Arthur. “A Kabbalah for the Environmental Age.” Tikkun 14.5(1999): 33-40. 


________. “Vegetarianism: A Kashrut for Our Age.” In This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment, ed. Roger S. Gottlieb, 301–302. New York: Routledge, 1996. 


________. See My Face, Speak My Name. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson, 1992. 


Green, Harold P. “Human Values in a Technological Society.” Dimensions of American Judaism 5 (winter 1971): 19–23. 


Greenberg, Irving. “Journey to Liberation: Sukkot.” Tikkun 3, no. 5 (1988): 34–37.


Greenspoon, Leonard J., ed. “The Mountains Shall Drip Wine: Jews and the Environment.

Omaha, NE: Creighton University Press, 2009.


Gross, Aaron. The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.


________. “Continuity and Change in Reform Views of Kashrut 1883-2002: From the Treifah Banquet to Eco-Kashrut.” CCAR Journal (Winter 2004): 6-28. 


Grossman, Karl. “How Green Are the Jews?” The Jewish Monthly (January 1991): 7–13.   


Hadassah and Shomrei Adamah. Judaism and Ecology. New York: Hadassah, 1993. 


Hareuveni, Nogah. Desert and Shepherd in Our Biblical Heritage. Kiryat Ono, Israel: Neot Kedumim, 1991. 


________. The Emblem of the State of Israel: Its Roots in the Nature and Heritage of Israel. Kiryat Ono, Israel: Neot Kedumim, 1988. 


________. Tree and Shrub in Our Biblical Heritage. Kiryat Ono, Israel: Neot Kedumim, 1984.


________. Nature in Our Biblical Heritage. Kiryat Ono, Israel: Neot Kedumim, 1980.


________. Ecology in the Bible. Kiryat Ono, Israel: Neot Kedumim, 1974. 


Harris, Monford. “Ecology: A Covenental Approach.” CCAR Journal 23, no. 3 (1976): 101–108. 


Helfand, Jonathan I. “The Earth is the Lord‘s: Judaism and Environmental Ethics.” In Religion and Environmental Crisis, ed. Eugene C. Hargrove, 38–52. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 1986. 


________. “‘Consider the Work of G-d’: Jewish Sources for Conservation Ethics.” In Liturgical Foundations of Social Policy in the Catholic and Jewish Traditions, eds. Daniel F. Polish and Eugene J. Fisher, 134–48. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983. 


________. “Ecology and the Jewish Tradition: A Postscript.” Judaism 20, no. 3 (summer 1971): 330–35. 


Heschel, Abraham Joshua. God in Search of Man: A Philosophy of Judaism. New York: Octagon Books, 1976. 


________. God in Search of Man: A Philosophy of Judaism. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Cudahy, 1955.


________. The Sabbath: Its Meaning for Modern Man. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Young, 1951. 


Hfttermann, Aloys. The Ecological Message of the Torah: Knowledge, Concepts, and Laws Which Made Survival in a Land of Milk and Honey Possible. St. Petersburg, FL: University of South Florida, 1999.


Hillel, Daniel. The Natural History of the Bible: An Environmental Exploration of the Hebrew Scriptures. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.

Hirsch, Richard G. The Way of the Upright: A Jewish View of Economic Justice. New York: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1973. 


Hirsch, Samson Raphael. “Do Not Destroy!” In Judaism and Human Rights, ed. Milton R. Konvitz, 259–64. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1972. 


Hoenig, Sidney B. “The Sport of Hunting: A Humane Game?” Tradition 11, no. 3 (1970): 13–21. 


Hornstein. “The Farm Crisis: Jewish Community Response.” Shmate: A Journal of Progressive Jewish Thought 16 (fall 1986): 22–25. 


Ish-Shalom, Benjamin. “The Concept of Nature in the Thought of Rav Kook.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Harvard Divinity School, Center for the Study of World Religions, February 22–24, 1998. 


Isaacs, Ronald. Animals in Jewish Thought and Tradition. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.


________. The Jewish Sourcebook on the Environment and Ecology. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson Inc., 1998. 


Jackson, Adam. “Returning to Eden: Judaism and Ecology.” L’eylah Magazine, no. 34 (September 1992): 5–6. 


Jacobs, Louis. Jewish Personal and Social Ethics. West Orange, N.J.: Behrman House, 1990. 


Jegen, Mary Evelyn, and Brunno Manno, eds. The Earth is the Lord’s: Essays on Stewardship. New York: Paulist Press, 1978. 


Jewish National Fund On Campus. To Everything There is a Time and a Season. New York: Jewish National Fund. 


Jobling, David. “‘And Have Dominion …’ The Interpretation of Genesis 1, 28 in Philo Judaeus.” Journal for the Study of Judaism 8, no. 1 (1977): 50–82. 


________. “‘And Have Dominion …’ The Interpretation of Old Testament Texts Concerning Man‘s Rule Over the Creation (Gen. 1:26, 28; 9:1–2; Ps. 8:7–9) from 200 BC to the Time of the Council of Nicea,” Th.D. Dissertation, Union Theological Seminary (New York), 1972. 

Kadden, Barbara Binder and Bruce Kadden. Teaching Mitzvot: Concepts, Values, and Activities. Springfield, NJ: Behrman House Publishing, 2003.


Kalechofsky, Roberta, ed. Rabbis and Vegetarianism: An Evolving Tradition. Marblehead, Mass.: Micah Publications, Inc., 1995. 


________. Judaism and Animal Rights: Classical and Contemporary Responses. Marblehead, Mass.: Micah Publications, 1992. 


________. “Judaism and Vegetarianism: In the Camp of Kibroth-Hattaavah.” Reconstructionist 52, no. 5 (1987): 14–17. 


Kaplan, Edward K. “Reverence and Responsibility: Abraham Joshua Heschel on Nature and the Self.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Harvard Divinity School, Center for the Study of World Religions, February 22–24, 1998. 


Katz, Eric. “Nature‘s Healing Power, the Holocaust, and the Environmental Crisis.” Judaism 46, no. 1 (1997): 79–89. 


________. “Judaism and the Ecological Crisis.” In Worldviews and Ecology: Religion, Philosophy, and the Environment, eds. Mary Evelyn Tucker and John A. Grim, 55–70. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1994. 


________. “Are We the World‘s Keepers? Toward An Ecological Ethic for Our Home Planet.” The Melton Journal no. 24 (spring 1991): 3. 


________. “Environmental Ethics: A Select Annotated Bibliography, 1983–1987.” Research in Philosophy and Technology 9 (1989): 251–85. 


Kay, Jeanne. “Human Dominion over Nature in the Hebrew Bible.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 79, no. 2 (1989): 214–32.  


________. “Concepts of Nature in the Hebrew Bible.” Environmental Ethics 10, no. 4 (winter 1988): 309–27.


________. “Comments on ‘The Unnatural Jew.’” Environmental Ethics 7, no. 2 (summer 1985): 189–91. 


Keimach, Burt. “The Bible as a Key to Modern Ecology in Israel.” L’eylah Magazine, no. 34 (1992): 8–11. 


Kellner, Menachem. “Jewish Ethics.” In A Companion to Ethics, ed. Peter Singer, 82–90. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1993. 


Kirsch, William. The Jew and the Land. Madison, Wis.: American Association for Agricultural Legislation, University of Wisconsin, 1920. 


Kirschen, Ya‘akov. Trees, The Green Testament. New York: Vital Media Enterprises, 1993.


Klagsbrun, Francine, ed. Voices of Wisdom: Jewish Ideals and Ethics for Everyday Living. New York: Pantheon/Random House, 1980. 


Klein, Isaac. A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice. New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1979. 


________. “Science and Some Ethical Issues.” In Responsa and Halakhic Studies, 159–75. New York: Ktav, 1975. 

Korngold, Jamie S. God in the Wilderness: Rediscovering the Spirituality of the Great Outdoors with the Adventure Rabbi. New York: Three Leaves Press, 2007.


Kushner, Lawrence. “The SELF of the Universe.” The Melton Journal no. 25 (spring 1992): 8–11. 


Lamm, Norman. “Nature.” In The Good Society: Jewish Ethics in Action, ed. Norman Lamm, 213–22. New York: Viking Press, 1974. 


________. “Al Ha-Aretz Hatovah.” Hadoar (5 June 1970): 486–87. 


________. “Man‘s Position in the Universe: A Comparative Study of the Views of Saadia Gaon and Maimonedes.” The Jewish Quarterly 55, no. 3 (1965): 208–34. 


Leibowitz, Nehama. Studies in Bereshit (Genesis) in the Context of Ancient and Modern Jewish Bible Commentary, 4th ed., 74–78. Jerusalem: World Zionist Organization, 1981. 


Lerner, Carol. A Biblical Garden. New York: Morrow, 1982. 

Lerner, Michael. “Prophetic Visions: The New Millennium.” A Special Issue of Tikkun 15.1(2000): 21-85. 


________. “Critical, Support for Earth Day: An Editorial.” Tikkun 5, no. 2 (1990): 48–50. 


Levenson, Jon D. Creation and the Persistence of Evil: The Jewish Drama of Divine Omnipotence. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988. 


Levi, Leo. “Torah and the Protection of the Environment.” In Torah and Science: Their Interplay in the World Scheme, 60–72. New York: Feldheim, 1987. 


Levi, Yehudah. “The Problem of Ecology Living at the Expense of Future Generations.” B’Or Ha’ Torah 10 (1997): 31–38. 


Levine, Aaron. Free Enterprise and Jewish Law: Aspects of Jewish Business Ethics. New York: Ktav: Yeshiva University Press, 1980. 


Mann, E. Barbara. Space and Place in Jewish Studies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University

Press, 2012.


Marchant, Dovid. Understanding Shmittoh: The Sources and Background of the Halochos of Shmittoh; and, Halochos of Shmittoh: Based on Selections from [Shemitah ke-hilkhatah] by Rabbi Moishe Sternbuch [Shelitah]. Spring Valley, N.Y.: Phillip Feldheim, 1986. 


Marinov, Uri, and Eitan Harel, eds. The Environment in Israel. 2d ed. Jerusalem: National Council for Research and Development [and] Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Israel National Committee on Biosphere and Environment, 1972. 


McKenzie, John L. “God and Nature in the Old Testament.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 14, nos. 1–2 (1952): 18–39, 124–45. 


Mitcham, Carl, and Jim Grote. “Current Bibliography in the Philosophy of Technology: 1975–1976.” Research in Philosophy and Technology 4 (1981): 1–207. 


________. “Current Bibliography in the Philosophy of Technology: 1973–1974.” Research in Philosophy and Technology 1 (1978): 313–90. 


Mitcham, Carl, and Robert Mackey. Bibliography of the Philosophy of Technology. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1973.


Munro, David A., and Martin W. Holdgate, eds. Caring for the Earth. Gland, Switzerland: World Wide Fund for Nature, World Conservation Union, and United Nations Environment Program, 1991. 


Muraskin, Bennet. “Judaism and the Environment.” Jewish Currents 59(2005): 42. 

Murray, Robert. “The Bible on God‘s World and Our Place in It.” Christian Jewish Relations 22, no. 2 (1989): 50–59. 


Neril, Rabbi Yonatan and Evonne Marzouk, Uplifting People and Planet: Eighteen Essential Jewish Lessons on the Environment. Canfei Nesharim, 2013.

Neumann, Boaz. Land and Desire in Early Zionism. Hanover, NH: University Press of New

England, 2011.


Newman, Louis E. “Covenant and Contract: A Framework for the Analysis of Jewish Ethics.” The Journal of Law and Religion 9, no. 1 (1991): 89–112.


________. “Woodchoppers and Respirators: The Problem of Interpretation in Contemporary Ethics.” Modern Judaism 10, no. 1 (February 1990): 17–42. 


________. “Law, Virtue and Supererogation in the Halakha: The Problem of ‘Lifnim Mishurat Hadin’ Reconsidered.” Journal of Jewish Studies 40, no. 1 (spring 1989): 61–88. 


Newsom, Carol A. “The Moral Sense of Nature: Ethics in the Light of God‘s Speech to Job.” The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 15, no. 1 (1994): 9–27. 


Novak, David. “Technology and its Ultimate Threat: A Jewish Meditation.” Research in Philosophy and Technology 10 (1990): 43–70. 


Orr, Josef, and Yossi Spanier. “Traditional Jewish Attitudes Toward Plant and Animal Conservation.” Israel Land and Nature 14, no. 3 (1989): 132–36. 


Pearl, Chaim, and Reuben Brooks. A Guide to Jewish Knowledge. London: Jewish Chronicle Publications, 1958. 


Pederson, Johannes. Israel: Its Life and Culture. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1991.


Pelcovitz, Ralph. “Ecology and Jewish Theology.” Jewish Life 37, no. 6 (1970): 23–32.


Polak, Joseph. “Torah and the Megabombs.” Judaism 32, no. 3 (1983): 302–308. 


Pollard, Nigel. “The Israelites and their Environment.” The Ecologist 14, no. 3 (1984): 125–33.


Pressman, Daniel. “The Earth is the Lord‘s.” Rosh Hashanah Sermon. 1 October 1989. Beth David, Saratoga, Calif. 


Prosnit, James. “Guardians of God‘s World.” The Amicus Journal 12, no. 1 (winter 1990): 54–56. 


Rabinovitch, Nachum L. “Halakhah and Technology.” Proceedings of the Associations of Orthodox Jewish Scientists 2 (1969): 129–49. 


Rabinowitz, Louis I. Torah and Flora. New York: Sanhedrin Press, 1977. 


Radkowsky, Alvin. “Judaism and the Technological Dilemma.” Proceedings of the Associations of Orthodox Jewish Scientists 1 (1969): 68–78. 


________. “The Relationship Between Science and Judaism.” Proceedings of the Associations of Orthodox Jewish Scientists 2 (1969): 151–73. 


Rakover, Nahum. “Ecology and the Halakhah” (In Hebrew). Dine Israel 4 (1973): 6–25.


Ravitzky, Aviezer. The Shemittah Year: A Collection of Sources and Articles. Translated by Mordell Klein. Jerusalem: World Zionist Organization, 1979. 


Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism. “Shabbat Hagadol.” Washington, D.C.: Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism. 


________. “Tu B‘Shvat Haggada.” Washington, D.C.: Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism. 


Robinson, H. Wheeler. “God and Nature.” In Inspiration and Revelation in the Old Testament, 1–48. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1946. 


Rockefeller, Steven C., and John C. Elder, eds. Spirit and Nature: Why the Environment is a Religious Issue: An Interfaith Dialogue. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992. 


Rogerson, J. W. “The Old Testament View of Nature.” In Instruction and Interpretation: Studies in Hebrew Language, Palestinian Archaeology, and Biblical Exegesis, eds. H. A. Brongers, et al., 67–84. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1977. 


Romain, Jonathan A. Faith and Practice: A Guide to Reform Judaism Today. London: The Reform Synagogues of Great Britain, 1991.  


Rose, Aubrey, ed. Judaism and Ecology. New York: Cassell Publishers, Ltd., 1992.

Rosenstein, Marc, Tova Sacher, and Sigalet Ur. Our Place in the Universe Lesson Plan Manual: Judaism and the Environment. Springfield, NJ: Behrman House Publishing, 2014.


Roskos, Nicole. “Falling Nature: An Ecofeminist Anthology of Fall Narratives.” Ph.D. diss., Drew University, 2003. 


Roth, Cecil, ed. The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia. London: W. H. Allen, 1966. 


_______. A Short History of the Jewish People. London: East and West Library, The Horovitz Publishing Co., Ltd., 1959. 


Sacks, Jonathan. Tradition in an Untraditional Age: Essays on Modern Jewish Thought. London: Vallentine Mitchell and Co., Ltd., 1990. 


Samuels, Shimon. “Anti-Semitism and Jewish Defense at the United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development.” Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism 6(March 2003): 1-6. 


Sasso, Sandy Eisenberg. A Prayer for the Earth: The Story of Naamah, Noah’s Wife. Woodstock, Vt.: Jewish Lights Publishing, 1996. 


Schaffer, Arthur. “The Agricultural and Ecological Symbolism of the Four Species of Sukkot.” Tradition 20, no. 2 (1982): 128–40. 


Schochet, Elijah Judah. Animal Life in the Jewish Tradition: Attitudes and Relationships. New York: Ktav, 1984. 


Schorsch, Ismar. “Learning to Live with Less.” In Spirit and Nature: Why the Environment is a Religious Issue: An Interfaith Dialogue, eds. Steven C. Rockefeller and John C. Elder, 25–38. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992. 


________. “Trees for Life.” The Melton Journal, no. 25 (spring 1992): 3. 


________. “Tending to Our Cosmic Oasis.” The Melton Journal, no. 24 (spring 1991): 3. 


Schwartz, Eilon. “Judaism and Nature: Theological and Moral Issues to Consider While Renegotiating a Jewish Relationship to the Natural World.” Judaism 44, no. 4 (1995): 437–47.  

Schwartz, Richard H. Who Stole My Religion? Revitalizing Judaism and Applying Jewish Values to Help Heal Our Imperiled Planet. Raleigh, SC: Lulu, 2011.


________. Judaism and Global Survival. New York, NY: Lantern Books, 2002. 


________. “Beyond Chopped Liver: Why Should a Jew Be a Vegetarian?” Compass 13, no. 1 (fall 1990): 13. 


________. Judaism and Vegetarianism. 2d ed. Marblehead, Mass.: Micah Publications Inc., 1988. 


________. Judaism and Global Survival. New York: Atara Publishing Co., 1987. 


________. “Ecology.” In Judaism and Global Survival, 40–52. New York: Vantage Press, 1982. 


Schwarzchild, Steven S. “The Unnatural Jew.” Environmental Ethics 6, no. 4 (winter 1984): 347–62. 


Seidenberg, David Mevorach. Kabbalah and Ecology: God’s Image in the More-Than-Human World. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.


Shadur, Joe. “Helping to Safeguard Nature in Israel—From Abroad.” Israel Land and Nature 14, no. 1 (1988): 229–31. 


Shapiro, David. “God, World and Man.” Tradition 14, no. 3 (1974): 37–47. 


Sichel, Meik. “Air Pollution: Smoke and Odor Damage.” The Jewish Law Annual 5 (1985): 25–43. 


Singer, David. “God in Nature or the Lord of the Universe? The Encounter of Judaism and Science from Hellenistic Times to the Present.” Shofar 22.4(2004): 80-93. 


Sokol, Moshe. “What are the Ethical Implications of Jewish Theological Conceptions of the Natural World.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Harvard Divinity School, Center for the Study of World Religions, February 22–24, 1998. 


Solomon, Norman. “Judaism and the Environment.” In Judaism and Ecology, ed. Aubrey Rose, 19–53. London: Cassell Publishers, 1992. 


________. Judaism and World Religion. New York: St. Martin‘s Press, 1991. 


________. “Judaism and Conservation.” Christian-Jewish Relations 22, no. 2 (1989): 7–25.


Spero, Shubert. Morality, Halakha, and the Jewish Tradition. New York: Ktav; Yeshiva University Press, 1983. 


Stein, David, ed. A Garden of Choice Fruit: 200 Classic Jewish Quotes on Human Beings and the Environment. Wyncote: Shomrei Adamah, 1991. 


Steinmetz, Devora. “Vineyard, Farm and Garden: The Drunkenness of Noah in the Context of Primeval History.” Journal of Biblical Literature 113, no. 2 (1994): 193–207. 


Strassfeld, Michael. The Jewish Holidays: A Guide and Commentary. New York: Harper and Row, 1985. 


Strikovsky, Aryeh. “God, Adam and Tree: Tu B’Shvat Reflections.” Jewish Spectator 63.3(Winter 1999): 48-49. 


________. “God, Man, and Tree.” B’Or Ha’ Torah (1997): 25–29.


Swartz, Daniel. “Jews, Jewish Texts, and Nature: A Brief History.” In This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment, ed. Roger S. Gottlieb, 87–103. New York: Routledge, 1996.


Swetlitz, Marc. Judaism and Ecology: 1970–1986 Sourcebook of Readings. Wyncote, Pa.: Shomrei Adamah, 1990. 


________. “A Jewish Commentary on the Religious Origins of Technological Civilization.” Research in Philosophy and Technology 6 (1983): 197–204. 

Tal, Alon. Pollution in a Promised Land: An Environmental History of Israel. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2002.


________. “The Greening of the Jewish National Fund.” Tikkun 20.4(2005): 23-26. 


Tamari, Meir. “Environmental Issues and the Public Good.” In With all Your Possessions: Jewish Ethics and Economic Life, 278–306. New York: The Free Press, 1987.


Thomashow, Mitchell. “Seminal Themes of Contemporary Environmentalism: Notes Toward a Basic Reader.” The Melton Journal no. 25 (spring 1992): 15. 


Tikkun Magazine 5, no. 2 (1990). 


Tillman, William, ed. Environmental Stewardship in the Judeo-Christian Tradition: Jewish, Catholic, and Protestant Wisdom on the Environment. Acton Institute, 2004. 


Tirosh-Samuelson, Hava. “Judaism” in Routledge Handbook of Religion and Ecology. Edited by Willis Jenkins, Mary Evelyn Tucker, and John Grim, 60-69. London and New York: Routledge, 2017.


________. “Judaism and the Environment: Annotated Bibliography.” Oxford

Bibliographies in Jewish Studies. 2015. Online: article ID 9780199840731-0118.


________. “Ecology in Judaism” In Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religion. Edited by Anne L. C. Runehov and Lluiz Oviedo, 678-686. The Netherlands: Springer, 2013.


________, ed. Judaism and Ecology: Created World and Revealed World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.


Toperoff, Shlomo Pesach. The Animal Kingdom in Jewish Thought. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson Inc., 1995. 


Torgerson, Mark. A. Greening Spaces for Worship and Ministry: Congregations, Their Buildings, and Creation Care. Herndon, VA: The Alban Institute, 2012.


Toynbee, Arnold. “The Genesis of Pollution.” New York Times, 16 September 1973, Section 4. 


Troster, Lawrence. “Tzedek or Triage: Restoring the Balance of Creation.” Conservative Judaism 53.1(2000): 11-19. 


________. “Created in the Image of God: Humanity and Divinity in an Age of Environmentalism.” Conservative Judaism (fall 1991): 14–24. 


Tudge, Colin. Global Ecology. London: The Natural History Museum, 1991. 


Turk, Samuel A. “Thou Shalt Not Destroy.” Jewish Life 39, no. 4 (October 1972): 13–18. 


Turkel, Eli. “Judaism and the Environment.” Journal of Batacha and Contemporary Society 12 (fall 1991): 44–61. 


Turpin, Lucy. The Environment in Israel. Jerusalem: Environmental Protection Service, 1979. 


Ungar, Andre. “Ecology and Justice.” Jewish Spectator 36, no. 3 (1971): 13–15. 


Uval, Beth. “Ecology in the Bible.” Jewish Biblical Quarterly 28.4(2000): 260-263. 


Van Meter, Timothy L. “Teaching and Learning Without Walls: A Strategy for Ecological Religious Education.” Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 2003. 


Vogel, David. “How Green is Judaism? Exploring Jewish Environmental Ethics.” Judaism 50.1(2001): 66-81. 


Vorspan, Albert. “The Crisis of Ecology: Judaism and the Environment.” In Jewish Values and Social Crisis, 362–81. New York: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1970. 


Vorspan, Albert, and David Saperstein. Tough Choices: Jewish Perspectives on Social Justice. New York: UAHC Press, 1992. 


Wahle, Hedwig. “Human Responsibility for God’s Creation in Jewish Teaching and Practice.” Journal of Dharma 26.1(2001): 60-86. 


Ward, Nahum. “Judaism in the Planetary Era.” In Context 19 (autumn 1988): 46–49. 


Waskow, Arthur. “Shout Rather Than Whisper: A Jewish Renewal Perspective on Reform.” Judaism 53(Summer/Fall 2004): 193-196. 


________. “Wheat in Eden, Computers in Our Day.” Cross Currents 50.1-2(2000): 258-263. 


________. ed. Torah of the Earth: Exploring 4,000 Years of Ecology in Jewish Thought (2 vols). Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights, 2000.


________. “And the Earth is Filled with the Breath of Life.” Cross Currents 47, no. 3 (fall 1997): 348–63. 


________. “What Is Eco-Kosher?” in This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment, ed. Roger S. Gottlieb, 297–300. New York: Routledge, 1996.


________. Down-to-Earth Judaism: Food, Money, Sex, and the Rest of Life. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1995. 


________. “Torah, Jews, and Earth.” Sh’ma 23, no. 447 (5 February 1993): 51–53. 


________. “The Greening of Judaism.” Moment 17, no. 3 (1992): 45–47, 52, 62. 


________. “Is the Earth a Jewish Issue?” Tikkun 7, no. 5 (1992): 35–37. 


________. “Earth Day 1990—Questions, Criticism about Biblical Tradition.” Chicago Sentinel (19 April 1990). 


________. “From Compassion to Jubilee.” Tikkun 5, no. 2 (1990): 78–81. 


________. “Down to Earth Judaism: Food, Sex, and Money.” Tikkun 3, no. 1 (1988): 19–24.


________. “Toranomics.” Menorah: Sparks of Jewish Renewal (April-May 1983): 1–3. 


________. Seasons of Our Joy: A Modern Guide to the Jewish Holidays. Boston: Beacon Press, 1982. 

Wasserman, Mira Beth. Jews, Gentiles, and Other Animals: The Talmud after the Humanities.

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.


Wein, Berel. “Nature, Man, and the Jew.” Jewish Life 35, no. 6 (1968): 30–34. 


Weinstein, Jacob J. “In Wilderness is Salvation.” Reconstructionist 35, no. 1 (28 February 1969): 7–12. 


Weiss, David W. Jewish Values, Science, and Halachah. Washington, D.C.: B‘nai B‘rith Books, 1987. 


_______. “The Forces of Nature, the Forces of Spirit: A Perspective on Judaism.” Judaism 32, no. 4 (1983): 477–87. 


Weissman, Bernard. “Toward Tikkun Olam.” Midstream 38, no. 5 (June-July 1992): 36–37. 


Weiss-Rosmarin, Trude. “Relevance and the Jewish Heritage.” The Jewish Spectator 45, no. 2 (1980): 3–7. 


White, Lynn, Jr. “The Historical Roots of our Ecologic Crisis.” Science 155, no. 3767 (10 March 1967): 1203–1207. 


White Paper, British Government. This Common Inheritance: Britain‘s Environmental Strategy. London: Her Majesty‘s Stationary Office, 1990. 


Whitney, Elspeth. “Lynn White, Ecotheology and History.” Environmental Ethics 15, no. 2 (summer 1993): 151–69. 


Wigoder, Geoffery, ed. Jewish Values. Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House Jerusalem, Ltd., 1974.


Wolff, Akiva. “Judaism and the Modern Concept of Sustainability.” B’Or Ha’Torah 14(2004): 107-112. 


Wolfson, Elliot R. “Mirror of Nature in Medieval Mysticism.” Paper presented at the Judaism and The Natural World Conference part of the World Religion and Ecology Conference Series. Harvard Divinity School, Center for the Study of World Religions, February 22–24, 1998. 


Wood, Karen L. “The Partnering God: A Constructive Christian Theology in Conversation with Liberal American Judaism.” Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1998. 


Wyman, Miriam. “Derekh Eretz: A Personal Exploration.” Conservative Judaism 44, no. 1 (fall 1991): 5–13. 


Wyschogrod, Michael. “Judaism and the Sanctification of Nature.” The Melton Journal no. 24 (spring 1991): 5. 


________. The Body of Faith. San Francisco, Calif.: Harper and Row, 1983. 


Yaffe, Martin D. ed. Judaism and Environmental Ethics: A Reader. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2001. 


________. “Judaism and the Environmental Crisis: A Three-Way Interchange.” Lecture given at the Conference on Environmental Ethics and Emerging Issues, University of North Texas, 4 April 1998. 


“Yishuv Ha-aretz.” Encyclopedia Talmudit, ed. Sholomo Josef Zevin, trans. Isidore Epstein and Harry Freedman, vol. 2: 225–26. Jerusalem: Talmudic Encyclopedia Institute, 1969–. 


Zemer, Moshe and Walter Jacob, eds. Environment in Jewish Law: Essays and Responses. Oxford, NY: Berghahn Books, 2004.


Zimmerman, Michael E., and Steven Vogel. “Current Debate: Nature and Domination.” Tikkun 4, no. 2 (1989): 102–105. 


Zipperstein, Edward. “Waste in Judaic Tradition.” In Essays in Jewish Thought, 58–98. Los Angeles, Calif.: E. Zipperstein, 1989. 


Header photo: Israeli farmer prays over his land during Shmita, the sabbatical year