Christopher Key Chapple, Loyola Marymount University,
Allegra Wiprud

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View an annotated PDF version of this bibliography.


Ahimsa: Nonviolence. Directed by Michael Tobias. Produced by Marion Hunt. Narrated by Lindsay Wagner. Direct Cinema Ltd. 58 min. Public Broadcasting Corporation, 1987.


Ahimsa Quarterly Magazine. 1, no. 1 (1991).

Bhargava, D. N. “Pathological Impact of [sic] Environment of Professions Prohibited by Jain Acaryas.” In Medieval Jainism: Culture and Environment, eds. Prem Suman Jain and Raj Mal Lodha, 103–108. New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House, 1990.

Caillat, Colette. The Jain Cosmology. Translated by R. Norman. Basel: Ravi Kumar. Bombay: Jaico Publishing House, 1981.


Chapple, Christopher Key. “Jainism and Ecology.” In When Worlds Converge: What Science and Religion Tell Us about the Story of the Universe and Our Place In It, eds. Clifford N. Matthews, Mary Evelyn Tucker, and Philip Hefner, 283-292. Chicago: Open Court, 2002.

——–, ed. Jainism and Ecology: Nonviolence and the Web of Life. Harvard: Harvard Center for the Study of World Religions, 2002.


——–. “Jainism and Buddhism.” In A Companion to Environmental Philosophy, ed. Dale Jamieson, 52-66. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2001.


——–. “The Living Cosmos of Jainism: A Traditional Science Grounded in Environmental Ethics,” in Religion and Ecology: Can the Climate Change? Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 130, no. 4 (2001): 207-224.

——–. “Reverence for All Life: Animals in the Jain Tradition.” Jain Spirit 2 (1999): 56-58.

——–. “Toward an Indigenous Indian Environmentalism.” In Purifying the Earthly Body of God: Religion and Ecology in Hindu India, ed. Lance Nelson, 13–37. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1998.

——–. “Contemporary Jaina and Hindu Responses to the Ecological Crisis.” In An Ecology of the Spirit: Religious Reflection and Environmental Consciousness, ed. Michael Barnes, 209-220. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1994.


——–. “Nonviolence to Animals in Buddhism and Jainism.” In Inner Peace, World Peace: Essays on Buddhism and Nonviolence, ed. Kenneth Kraft, 49-62. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992.

——–. Nonviolence to Animals, Earth, and Self in Asian Traditions. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Cort, John E. Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.


——–. Liberation and Wellbeing among the Jains: Ritual, Ideology, and Religious Values. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.


——–, ed. Open Boundaries: Jain Communities and Cultures in Indian History. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1998.


——–. “Recent Fieldwork Studies of the Contemporary Jains.” Religious Studies Review 23, no. 2 (1997): 103–111.


Costain, Bruce Douglas. Applied “Jainism”: Two Papers Outlining How the Jaina View of Reality Helps to Make Decisions that will Result in Increased Peacefulness, Happiness and Love for Ourselves, as well as for Other Living Beings. 2nd Edition. Nashville: OMNI PublishXpress, 2003.


Coward, Harold. “New Theology on Population, Consumption, and Ecology.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 65, no. 2 (1997): 259–73.


Donaldson, Brianne. “Bioethics and Jainism: From Ahiṃsā to an Applied Ethics of Carefulness.” Religions 10, no. 4 (2019): 243.


Dundas, Paul. “The Meat at the Wedding Feasts: Krisna, Vegetarianism and a Jain Dispute.” In Jain Doctrine and Practice: Academic Perspectives. Joseph T. O’Connell, ed. Toronto: Centre for South Asian Studies of the University of Toronto, 2000.


——–. “Recent Research on Jainism.” Religious Studies Review 23, no. 2 (1997): 113–19.


——–. The Meat at the Wedding Feasts: Krisna, Vegetarianism and a Jain Dispute. The 1997 Roop Lal Jain Lecture. Toronto: University of Toronto, Centre for South Asian Studies, 1997.


——–. The Jains. London: Routledge, 1992.


Dwivedi, O. P., ed. World Religions and the Environment. New Delhi, India: Gilanjal Publishing House, 1989.


Fergusson, L., Wells, G. & Kettle. “The personal, social and environmental sustainability of Jainism in light of Maharishi Vedic Science.” Environment, development and sustainability 20, no. 4 (2018): 1627-1649.

Flugel, Peter. Review of Jainism and Ecology: Non-Violence in the West of Life, edited by Christopher Key Chapple. Environmental Ethics 27, no. 2 (2005): 201.


Glasnap, Helmuth von. The Doctrine of Karma in Jain Philosophy. Translated by G. Barry Gifford. Bombay: Bai Vijibhai Jivanlal Pannalal Charity Fund, 1992.


Granoff, Phyllis. “The Violence of Non-Violence: A Study of Some Jain Responses to Non-Jain Religious Practices.” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 15, no. 1 (1992): 1–43.


Jacobsen Knut A. Prakrti in Samkhya-Yoga: Material Principle, Religious Experience, Ethical Implications. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1999.


Jain, D. C. “Vegetarianism and its Role in Environmental Preservation.” In Medieval Jainism: Culture and Environment, eds. Prem Suman Jain and Raj Mal Lodha, 103–108. New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House, 1990.

Jain, Parveen. An Introduction to Jain Philosophy. New Delhi: DK Printworld, 2019.

Jaini, Padmanabh. Gender and Salvation: Jaina Debates on the Spiritual Liberation of Women. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1991.


——–. “Indian Perspectives on the Spirituality of Animals.” In Buddhist Philosophy and Culture: Essays in Honour of N. A.


Jayawickrema, eds. David J. Kalupahana and W. G. Weerarante, 169–78. Columbo: N. A. Jayawickrema Felicitation Volume Committee, 1987.


——–. The Jaina Path of Purification. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1979.


Jussawala, J. M. “Vegetarianism: A Way of Life.” In Medieval Jainism: Culture and Environment, eds. Prem Suman Jain and Raj Mal Lodha, 103–108. New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House, 1990.

Kumar, Sehdev. A Thousand-Petalled Lotus: Jain Temples of Rajasthan – Architecture and Iconography. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Art and Abhinav, 2001.


Laidlaw, James. Riches and Renunciation: Religion, Economy, and Society Among the Jains. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.


Lishk, S.S. Jaina Astronomy (Post-Vedic Indian Astronomy): A Challenge to Western Influences. Reprint. Delhi: Arihant International, 2000.


Lodrick, Deryck O. Sacred Cows, Sacred Places: Origins and Survivals of Animal Homes in India. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1981.


Mardia, K. V. The Scientific Foundations of Jainism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1996.

Miller, Chris. “Jainism, Yoga, and Ecology: A Course in Contemplative Practice for a World in Pain.” Religions 10 (2019): 232.

Mitra, Piyali. “Jainism and Environmental Ethics: An Exploration.” Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research 36 (2019): 3–22.


Naravan, Raideva and Janardan Kumar, eds. Ecology and Religion: Ecological Concepts in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism,Islam, Christianity and Sikhism. In Collaboration with Institute for Socio-Legal Studies, Muzaffarpur, Bihar. New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications Pvt. Ltd., 2003.


Norman, K. R. “The Role of the Layman According to the Jain Canon.” In The Assembly of Listeners: Jains in Society, eds.


Michael Carrithers and Caroline Humphrey, 31–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Rankin, Aidan. Jainism and Environmental Philosophy: Karma and the Web of Life. Routledge, 2018.


Sangave, Vilas Adinath. Facets of Jainology: Selected Research Papers on Jain Society, Religion and Culture. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, 2001.


Schmidt, Hanns-Peter. “Ahimsa and Rebirth.” In Inside the Texts, Beyond the Texts: New Approaches to the Study of the Vedas, ed. Michael Witzel, 207–34. Harvard Oriental Series, Opera Minora, vol. 2. Cambridge, Mass.: Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University, 1997.


Sethia, Tara, ed. Ahimsa, Anekanta and Jainism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2004.


Singhvi, L. M. The Jain Declaration on Nature. London: Office of Jaina High Commissioner for India, 1990.

Sivakumar, P. “Ecology and ethics in Jainism and Buddhism.” ZENITH International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 8, no. 11 (2018): 112-120.


Sukhalaji, Pandit. The World Pacifist Meeting and the Role of Jainism. Ahmedabad: Publishing House, 1957.


Tatia, Nathmal, trans. Tattvartha Sutra: That Which Is. San Francisco, Calif.: Harper Collins, 1994.


Tobias, Michael. World War III: Population and the Biosphere at the End of the Millenium. Santa Fe, N. Mex.: Bear and Company, 1994.


——–. “Jainism and Ecology.” In Worldviews and Ecology: Religion, Philosophy, and the Environment, eds. Mary Evelyn Tucker and John A. Grim, 138–49. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1994.


——–. Life Force: The World of Jainism. Berkeley, Calif.: Asian Humanities Press, 1991.


——–. Ahimsa. Public Broadcasting Corporation, 1989.


Zaveri, J.S. Microcosmology: Atom in the Jain Philosophy and Modern Science. 2nd Edition. Ladnun, Raj., India: Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, 1991.


Header photo: Ranakpur Jain Temple, Rajasthan, India