IWT: Illegal Wildlife Trade Project

Universitas Nasional logo
Universitas Nasional Cente for Islamic Studies, WWF Indonesia, and YAPEKA
IWT: Tackling the Illegal Wildlife Trade in Muslim Communities in Sumatra
Project Regions
Countries or Areas
Religious Traditions
Summary of Activity

The project aims to protect endangered species in Rimbang Baling Wildlife Sanctuary (RBWR), Riau, Sumatra, which is targeted by poaching. RBWR is located within the Central Sumatra Tiger Conservation Landscape, an area critical to the long-term survival of Sumatran tigers.


This project has resulted in the following successes: 1) Greater levels of Fatwa awareness in the target villages and an increase in social pressure to abide by the Fatwa's teachings; 2) More diversified and sustainable livelihood options for 350 families in the landscape, and a commitment by village authorities to integrate these sustainable livelihood models into future village development plans; and 3) Improved detection and monitoring of IWT (Illegal Wildlife Trade) in the landscape, which will bolster WWF's and the Indonesian government's ability to crack down on IWT in Riau province. This project supported the reduction of tiger trade in particular, reducing the annual killing of tigers from two to one, and obtaining commitments from 8 of 11 known tiger hunters to stop their poaching activities, with five now actively working with the TPUs as community IWT informants. This project has also brought to light the extent of other IWT activities and networks in the landscape, especially related to local bird trade.

Impact Areas
SDG Addressed

Learn More
Project Images
PPI UNAS Team and community at Rimbang Baling Wildlife Reserve hold a poster regarding the The Fatwa of Wildlife Protection for the Balance of Ecosystem. (Photo: Taufik Mulyana/PPI UNAS)A dome for a mosque bring trough a small boat for a village in Rimbang Baling Wildlife Reserve. Total 24 villages at surrounding of the parks are 100% Muslim, and Islam is important part for their rituals. Nature and clean water surrounding their area constitute important habitat of Sumatran wildlife including tigers.