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Environmental Justice

The Forum on Religion and Ecology is dedicated to providing resource listings for pedagogical purposes. This resource list suggests films and videos that may be utilized in classroom situations. The list is not exhaustive of all materials on the topic and the Forum on Religion and Ecology does not endorse any of the films, videos, and corporations listed below. The list is to be utilized as a possible resource listing for teachers who are looking for supplementary materials for their courses.


Environmental Justice
  Blood of the Earth: Water Rights on the Flathead Indian Reservation
Broken Rainbow
Environmental Racism
Heroes of the Earth
Homeland: Four Portraits of Native Action
River People: Behind the Case of David Sohappy
To Protect Mother Earth: Broken Treaty II

Title Blood of the Earth: Water Rights on the Flathead Indian Reservation
Series None Listed
Publisher Missoula, MT: KECI 13, 2002

Director and Writer: Gwen Noelle Lankford

Format None Listed
Length 53 minutes

This news documentary focuses on the Flathead Indian Tribe’s negotiations over reserved and aboriginal water rights, providing a historical, cultural, and scientific context for these negotiations.

Title Broken Rainbow
Series None Listed
Publisher Los Angeles, Calif.: Direct Cinema, 1986
Credits Produced by Earthworks.

Producers, Screenwriters: Maria Florio, Victoria Mudd
Directors, Editors: Victoria Mudd, Thom Tyson
Camerapeople: Fred Elmes, Michael Anderson
Music: Laura Nyro
Narrator: Martin Sheen
Format VHS
Length 70 minutes
Abstract Addressing issues relating to land rights, this video documents a dispute between the Navaho and Hopi in northern Arizona, in which ten thousand Navahos were forced to move off land claimed by the Hopi.
Title Environmental Racism
Series Green Screen: Grassroots Views of the Environmental Crisis
Publisher New York, N.Y.: Third World Newsreel, 1990
Credits Produced by Third World Newsreel.

Program Coordinators: Kenyatta Funderburk, Ada Griffin

Others responsible for the production of this video include:
Deep Dish TV
Format VHS
Length 60 minutes
Abstract Discusses the fact that environmental problems do not effect all human communities equally: low-income, non-white communities around the globe suffer more often and more severely from environmental hazards than do higher-income, white communities. This two-part video explores the use of civil rights techniques in environmental justice and organizational attempts to eliminate social and environmental problems.
Title Heroes of the Earth
Series None Listed
Publisher San Francisco, Calif.: Golden Gaters Productions, 1993
Distributed by: the Video Project, Oakland, Calif.
Credits Executive Producer: Robert C. Horowitz
Senior Producer: Ted Griggs
Producer: Richard Saiz
Writers: Ed Begley, Jr., Robert C. Horowitz, Ted Griggs, Richard Saiz, Todd B. Lewis
Editor, Principal Cameraperson: Todd B. Lewis
Host: Ed Begley, Jr.

Others responsible for the production of this video include:
Goldman Environmental Foundation
Golden Gaters Productions
Video Project
Format VHS
Length 45 minutes
Abstract Introduces the international winners of the 1993 Goldman Environmental Prize and describes their achievements. From South America, Juan Mayr is awarded for his work in Columbia’s Sierra Nevada range. Australian John Sinclair is recognized for his struggle to protect Fraser Island, and Russia’s Sviatoslav Igorevich Zabelin is honored for his attempts to mitigate the destructive effects of industrialization. Africans Margaret Jacobsohn and Garth Own-Smith receive an award for their struggles on behalf of endangered species, and Joann Tall, from North America, is recognized for fighting to protect the sacred land of the Lakota. From China, Dai Qing is awarded for his opposition to damming the Yangtze River Gorges.
Title Homeland: Four Portraits of Native Action
Series None Listed
Publisher Berkeley, CA: The Katahdin Foundation, 2005

Executive Producer: Lisa Thomas
Producer/Director: Roberta Grossman
Director of Photography: Dyanna Taylor
Editors: Vivien Hillgrove and Blake West
Composer: Todd Boekelheide Composer
Co-Producer: Smokey Forester

Format DVD
Length 88 minutes
Abstract This documentary considers the stories of five Native American activists living within four communities in Alaska, Maine, Montana, and New Mexico.  These activists are fighting against the environmental destruction of Indian lands.
Title River People: Behind the Case of David Sohappy
Series None Listed
Publisher New York, N.Y.: Filmakers Library, 1990
Credits Producers, Directors, Writers: Michal Conford, Michele Zaccheo
Format VHS; some black and white sequences
Length 50 minutes
Abstract Addressing conflicts over fishing rights and religious freedom, this video documents the case of a Native American spiritual leader who was sentenced to five years in prison for catching and selling Columbia River salmon off-season.
Title To Protect Mother Eartth: Broken Treaty II
Series None Listed
Publisher New York: Cinnamon Productions, 1989
Credits Producer, Director: Joel L. Freedman
Editor: Sarah Stein
Writer: Gerald Jones
Camerapeople: Robert Fiore, Mark Peterson, Sandi Sissel
Original Music: Oscar Deric Brown

Others responsible for the production of this video include:
Robert Redford
Joel L. Freedman
Format VHS
Length 59 minutes
Abstract A sequel to Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain, this video narrates a land dispute between the federal government and two Western Shoshone Indians, who claim rights to the same land based on the 1863 Treaty of Ruby Valley.